QUESTIONS ABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT

QUESTIONS ABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT

How can I claim unemployment insurance benefits?

In order to claim unemployment insurance benefits, you must be able to check off these conditions:

  • You need to have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for at least a year
  • If full-time insured your total annual income must be at least 228.348 DKK within the last three years
  • When looking at your income as a full-time insured member we may only count max 19.092 DKK a month. This means it will take at least a year to earn the unemployment insurance benefits.
  • If part-time insured, your total annual income must be at least 152.232 DKK within the last three years.
  • When looking at your income as a full-time insured member we may only count max 12.686 DKK a month. This means it will take at least a year to earn the unemployment insurance benefits.
  • Whether you are full-time or part-time insured, only the income you have earned while being a member of an unemployment insurance fund can be counted.

Graduates

  • If you are newly graduated your time of education counts as work if the education is set to last 18 months/three semesters. You will be eligible for unemployment insurance benefits if you make sure to change your status from student to graduate within 14 days after you have graduated. The earliest you can be eligible for unemployment insurance benefits while under education is 18 months after you have started. If you are not already a member, you have to register within 14 days of graduation.

How much will I receive in unemployment insurance benefit?

We pay the unemployment insurance benefits a calendar month at a time equalling 160,33 work hours regardless of the number of days and weeks in the month. 

If unemployed you can claim the unemployment insurance benefits for a total of 3.848 hours within a period of three years. This translates into two years of unemployment insurance benefits with an expiration date of three years. The three years are also referred to as the period of reference. When the period of reference has expired you must have earned enough work hours or income to qualify for a new period of unemployment insurance benefits if you have not found employment.

Unemployment insurance rates

We calculate your unemployment insurance rate by looking at your income in the 12 highest paid months within the last 24 months.

You can only receive a maximum of 18.633 DKK a month before taxes in unemployment insurance benefits (2018 rates). This equates an hourly pay of 116,22 DKK.

If you have earned 22.507 DKK on average a month before taxes for a year for the last two years you will receive the highest unemployment insurance rate.If you have not earned enough to claim the highest rate, we will calculate your rate as such:

(Your total income the last 12 months) x0,92/12x0,90 = rate per month. With a monthly income of i.e. 20.600 DKK, the calculation will look like this:

247.200x0,92/12x0,90 = 17.057 DKK a month. 

You can find your unemployment insurance rate per hour by dividing your monthly rate by 160,33. In the above example that comes to a total of (17.057/160,33) = 106,39 DKK/an hour.

There is no minimum rate. Your unemployment insurance rate completely depends on your salary in the 12 highest paid months. However, the maximum rate is 18.633 DKK a month.

When can I get my unemployment insurance benefits?

In order to receive your unemployment insurance benefits, you need to fill in your unemployment benefits card every month so we know how many hours we have to pay you for that month. When you have done that, your unemployment insurance benefits will be transferred to your bank account the last bank day of the month. 

Your unemployment benefits card will be available at Tast Selv around the 24th of every month. See payment calendar here

You will be paid for a full calendar month at a time. This means 160,33 hours unless you have had activities that needs to be subtracted.

When you fill in your unemployment benefits card you have to give your best estimate of what will happen during the last period on the card. We are aware that your situation can change during that period, and because of that the payment is on account. This means that it is possible to regulate the payment if something unexpected happens.

Payments on account

Should it turn out that you are offered work, you will have to send in an update unemployment benefits card with the new information on the 1st of the following month. When we receive the updated unemployment benefits card we will calculate the amount you have received extra and counter it on your next unemployment insurance benefits payment.

Send your updated unemployment benefits card

Send your updated unemployment benefits card the 1st of the following month and you know which unexpected changes there has been. Your deadline for sending the updated card is the 10th of the following month. 

Do you want to avoid estimating?

Is this the case, you can delay sending your card until the month is over. Then your unemployment insurance benefits will be transferred to your account 3-4 workdays after we have received it. Please be aware that there can be consequences for other public services if you receive two months’ worth of unemployment insurance benefits in the same calendar month. 

How do I use my two-year right to unemployment insurance benefits?

When you become unemployed you are eligible for 3.848 hours of unemployment insurance benefits within a three-year-period. This amounts to two years of unemployment insurance benefits with an expiration date of three years. The three years are also called the period of reference. When the period of reference has expired you must have earned enough work hours or income for a new period of unemployment insurance benefits, if you have not secured steady employment 

You spend your unemployment insurance benefits eligibility on an hourly basis. Every time you are paid an hour’s worth of benefits you spend from your total of 3.848 hours of unemployment insurance benefits.

Your monthly payment amounts to 160,33 hours’ worth of unemployment insurance benefits every month. The hours that need to be subtracted from your unemployment insurance benefits are piled and subtracted from the 160,33 hours at the end of the month. The hours subtracted can for example be holiday or work.

Can I receive supplementary benefits?

If you have a part-time job or for any other reason do not work full-time, you can apply for supplementary benefits.

For how long can I receive supplementary benefits?

If you receive supplementary benefits, you can work part-time and supply your salary with unemployment insurance benefits.

This is possible for 30 weeks within a period of 104 weeks. Only the weeks you work part-time is included in the 30 weeks. You can receive supplementary benefits in the weeks where you work less than 37 hours.

If you have spent your 30 weeks of supplementary benefits, you can receive full unemployment insurance benefits for the rest of the month.

NB! New rules from October 1st, 2018

Your options for supplementary benefits are being combined with your right to a side-line occupation. The right stretches over 30 weeks in total. That means that if you, for instance, have had a part-time job for 10 weeks and then start your own business you can have your business and supplementary benefits for 20 weeks. After this your right to supplementary benefits and a side-line occupation have been spent.

Example: Have you had a side-line occupation for 25 weeks? Then you can have supplementary benefits for five weeks before you hit the maximum of 30 weeks of total use of supplementary benefits and side-line occupation.

How do I qualify for supplementary benefits?

When you receive supplementary benefits, you have to be available for the labour market in the same way as when you receive full unemployment insurance benefits. Besides this, you have to be able to accept a full-time job with a day’s notice. Remember to always send a copy of your contract or the form, ”Information regarding part time work” to us at Tast Selv no later than five weeks after starting the part-time job.

Since you have to be able to take on a full-time job with a day’s notice, you cannot be tied by a resignation period. Therefore, you must have a discharge certificate.

Read more about employment with a period of resignation and a discharge certificate below.

Remember that

  1. Every week in which you work and receive unemployment insurance benefits counts as a week with supplementary benefits. If you, for example, work 36 hours one week you will receive one hour’s benefits and thus spend a week of supplementary benefits. 
  2. We have to pay you a minimum of 14,8 hours for a whole month. If you have worked enough for us to pay you less than 14,8 hours of benefits, you will not receive benefits that month. That also means that none of your weeks of work count in the 30-week total for supplementary benefits.
  3. If your 30 weeks of supplementary benefits run out in the middle of a month you can get your supplementary benefits until the end of the month. Even though you are qualified for 30 weeks of supplementary benefits, you may in fact receive supplementary benefits for a few additional weeks.

What is a discharge certificate?

If you, for example, are employed part-time with a month’s notice of resignation, you must have a discharge certificate from your employer in order to receive supplementary benefits.

The discharge certificate means that your employer gives up your notice period and lets you leave immediately if you find full-time employment. The certificate is necessary for you to be available for the labour market. Please be aware that your employer is not obligated to sign a discharge certificate. If you have any problems with the discharge certificate, it is important that you contact us.

You can find the certificate at Tast Selv –> Forms –> Unemployed –> Discharge certificate AR230

Click here to go to Forms

1 day without unemployment insurance benefits

Every fourth month we have to check how much work you have had in the previous four months on unemployment insurance benefits. If you have worked a total of 148 hours you will continue on unemployment insurance benefits without a waiting day. 

If you have not worked that much you will experience a waiting day. This means that you will be deducted one day of your unemployment insurance benefits. 

The four months’ period begins from the day you are approved for unemployment insurance benefits. The period can be extended if you have received sickness or maternity/paternity benefits. 

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