CROSS BORDER WORK

CROSS BORDER WORK

Find the answers to all of the most frequently asked questions about working in another country.

FAQ FOR CROSS BORDER WORK

Can I work abroad?

As a member of FTFa, you have excellent opportunities for working abroad. At the same time, it is a really good idea to gain work experience in another country as you will experience a new country and a new labour market and will be able to enhance your language proficiency.

However, it is important that you are aware that the regulations regarding unemployment insurance benefits, early retirement payments, etc are different depending on which country you move to or return home from.

You should always contact FTFa before you move abroad, or before you come home again in order to ensure that you do things right.

How long can I stay abroad on unemployment insurance benefits?

You are entitled to look for a job in another EEA country for up to three months while simultaneously receiving unemployment insurance benefits from Denmark.

You must register at the local job centre in the town/city you have moved to. If you do not know where it is, you can ask at the town hall or at the town's library. FTFa is not acquainted with the location of local job centres abroad.

You can receive unemployment insurance benefits abroad for three months if you:

  •     are citizen of an EEA country.
  •     are a member of a Danish unemployment insurance benefit fund.
  •     live and reside in Denmark on the date of departure.
  •     have been unemployed for at least four weeks (option for exemption).
  •     are eligible for unemployment insurance benefits on the day of departure.
  •     have applied for EEA unemployment insurance benefits before you leave.
  •     register at the job centre in the town/city where you have moved.
  •     are available for work on the labour market in the country where you have moved.
  •     do not leave the country where you have applied for EEA unemployment insurance benefits.


If you do not find employment in the country where you moved, then you must return to Denmark and register at the job centre prior to the expiration of the three months – otherwise, you will lose your entitlement to unemployment insurance benefits in Denmark.

What does the four-week rule mean?

To be eligible for unemployment insurance benefit whilst seeking employment in another EEA country, you must have been unemployed for at least four weeks. However, there are exceptions to this rule.

You can apply for an exemption from the four-week unemployment rule if you:

  • move with your spouse/partner who is going to work or take an educational course.
  • are going to a job interview abroad.
  • are a citizen of the EEA country where you are seeking work.

You must be able to document why you are applying for an exemption. Send the documentation together with your application for unemployment insurance benefits abroad.

It is important that you contact us if you want an exemption from the four-week rule so you can forward the correct documentation.

Can I receive unemployment insurance benefits when I am at a job interview abroad?

You can receive unemployment insurance benefits for up to five days if you have an agreed appointment for a job interview abroad. FTFa has to authorize your period abroad, which is why you must contact us prior to your departure.

You can also always go to a job interview abroad if you depart and return home on the same day. We just have to be informed that you are going away.

What is an EEA country?

The European Economic Area (EEA) comprises all EU countries plus Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Iceland and Norway.

Today the EU consists of 28 countries:

Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus (Greek part), Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Netherlands, Ireland, Italy, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Romania, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United Kingdom, Sweden, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary & Austria.

Can I be a member of FTFa when I am working in another country?

As a main rule, you have to be a member of the unemployment insurance fund in the country where you are working. Not all countries have an unemployment insurance system the way we know it in Denmark, so in those countries you have to be covered by the country's social insurance system. You cannot be a member of FTFa if you are working in another country than Denmark.

However, you must make sure that you have become a member of the foreign unemployment insurance system prior to resigning from FTFa.

Rules are different in each individual country, and unemployment insurance benefits can be perceived differently. That is why you must always contact FTFa, so that we can inform you what rules apply to the country you consider moving to.

However, you can receive unemployment insurance benefits from Denmark for three months whilst seeking employment in an EEA country.

What shall I do when I return to Denmark after working abroad?

If you have worked abroad, then you must become a member of FTFa again not later than eight weeks after your unemployment insurance benefit in the foreign unemployment insurance fund has expired.. Otherwise, you will lose all the seniority you have accrued while you were abroad.

Contact us in good time before your departure or before returning home, so that we can advise you about your options.

What do I have to do before departing?

First of all, it is important that you contact FTFa before departing to another country. The rules covering the area are very complex, and they also differ from one country to another.

If you want to go to seek employment in another EEA country and take your unemployment insurance benefit with you, you must complete an application form for EEA unemployment insurance benefits.

You must send the EEA application form to FTFa within two weeks before your departure. Then you must deregister at the job centre on the actual day of your departure.

If you do not find employment in the country where you have moved, to be able to receive unemployment insurance benefits again, it is important that you return to Denmark and register at the job centre before the three-month period for receiving unemployment insurance benefits in Denmark expires.

Where do I have to be a member if I work in Denmark, but reside in another country?

Some members work in Denmark, but reside across the border, e.g. in Sweden or Germany.

In such cases, you have to be a member of a Danish unemployment insurance fund as you have to be insured in the country where you work.

But if you become unemployed, you must keep in mind that you will receive benefits from the country where you reside.

Can I go abroad with unemployment insurance benefit again?

You need to have at least 296 hours of paid, unsupported work within 12 weeks/three months before you are entitled to unemployment insurance benefits in another EEA country again. Persons insured part-time are required to have worked at least 148 hours.

Your work abroad also counts when you have to fulfil the hours required.

Can I work as a self-employed person in other EEA countries?

If you work as a self-employed person in another EEA country, then the main rule is that you cannot be insured against unemployment in Denmark. In these cases, you can continue to be a member of FTFa.

Apart from Denmark, only a few other countries insure members who run their own businesses. You must therefore contact FTFa before starting your own business in another country.

Can I have early retirement payments paid out abroad?

If you receive early retirement payments, you can move to another EEA country and still receive your early retirement payments from Denmark. As always, you have to fill in your early retirement payment form and send it to the unemployment insurance fund.

You can take three months of holiday in non-EEA countries during each calendar year whilst receiving early retirement payments.

You have to continue to be a member of a Danish unemployment insurance fund while you are receiving early retirement payments abroad.

Can I receive early retirement payments after having worked abroad?

If you receive early retirement payments, you can move to another EEA country and still receive your early retirement payments from Denmark. As always, you have to fill in your early retirement payment form and send it to the unemployment insurance fund.

You can take three months of holiday in non-EEA countries during each calendar year whilst receiving early retirement payments.

You have to continue to be a member of a Danish unemployment insurance fund while you are receiving early retirement payments abroad.

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